An iris has two types of petals called falls and standards. Standards and falls are flower parts that best describe an iris flower.
Its petite size the dwarf crested iris can be determined by its characteristic yellow or white iris flower types cocks comb like crest in the center of their outer flowers type iris the falls.
Iris flower types. The variety of colors produced among the flowers have led to a wealth of meanings. The earliest to bloom are species like i. Bearded irises or iris germanica are undeniably the most popular type of iris flowers.
They are grown directly from existing rhizomes instead of from an iris bulb. There are three popular rhizome irises that you may run into when researching how to grow iris flowers. In general iris symbolizes eloquence but purple iris symbolizes wisdom and compliments yellow iris.
Japanese iris hanashōbu including i. Colors of iris flowers include blue yellow orange purple lavender red burgundy and white 5. Fulva i hexagona i brevicaulis i giganticaerulea and i.
Kaempferi iris laevigata fisch rabbitear iris shallow flowered iris kakitsubata japanese iris maackii maxim. Iris nelsonii randolph abbeville iris iris savannarum small prairie iris. Flavescens iris sambucina i.
Squalens and best. These types of iris flowers spread freely by producing underground stems. Iris identification by flower characteristics most iris have similar looking flowers but there are a couple of unique characteristics that are used to identify different types of iris with rhizomes and these include the beard and the crest.
The iris flowers have 260 to 300 species that vary in forms shapes sizes and colors that include purple lavender white yellow orange pink blue and brown. The name louisiana iris refers to a number of beardless hybrid irises derived from five different native species. Standards are the true petals that stand upright like signal flags at the center.
Iris flowers grow on a pedicel or peduncle. Kingdom plantae division magnoliophyta class liliopsida order asparagales family iridaceae genus iris since iris is the greek goddess for the messenger of love her sacred flower is considered the symbol of communication and messages. Crested irises can be found in shades of blue and purple.
Bearded beardless and crested irises. Reichenbachii which flower as early as february and march in the northern hemisphere followed by the dwarf forms of i. The crested iris is a shade loving dwarf variety expanding to be about 6 8 inches tall.
Many of the hybrids are naturally occurring in their native boggy swampy habitats not the result of nursery development. Pumila and then by most of the tall bearded varieties such as the german iris and its variety florentina sweet iris hungarian iris lemon yellow iris i. Amoena and their natural and horticultural hybrids such as those described under names like i.
Apart from their easy to grow nature this famed rhizome iris category offers floriferous blooms in a multitude of colors such as red orange yellow blue purple brown white black and pink. Bearded iris and siberian iris are two of the most common types of irises grown. Series laevigatae which includes the japanese irises iris ensata thunb.